Meals, when, how and what they are called is related to ones nationality and culture.

However industrialization and urbanization probably created the most consequences for the time of eating. When one eats were basically broken down into three a day especially in America. Social stratification and ethnicity also have contributed profoundly to defining when one eats. For instance in the earlier history of America, during the colonial period, the eating structure were breakfast, dinner and supper. As the growth of cities occurred the main plate of the day for certain strata was dinner which was diminished because it became more difficult for members of the family to come home mid day to have dinner. As a consequences the mid day dinner was changed to be called lunch and the evening meal was changed to be called dinner.

Also from state to the Federal Government there are many states that don’t legally require a mid day meal in the work place. For instance the Federal Government does not legally require that a mid-day meal for workers in the work place. It is seen as an issue of productivity.

However the formulation of policy regarding human resources guidelines should be specific to the enterprise. The following policy addresses a company that provides 24 hour health or residential care:

Meal//Break Period, All employees that work a full time tour of duty are entitled to a thirty (30) minutes unpaid meal period. It is also the policy to improve employees morale and productivity by providing two (2) 15 minute breaks during the course of each 8 hour work day.

Each full-time employee shall be allowed a meal period near the middle of of the workday. In departments operating on single shifts, the meal period shall be sixty (60) minutes. In departments operating on two (2) or three (3) shifts the meal period shall be thirty (30) minutes. Employees shall not be compensated for their meal breaks unless they are required to remain at their work stations while eating. Employees who duties require working directly with residents must be given permission by their supervisors to leave the premises during their meal break. Those employees who are allowed to leave the facility’s premises during their meal break must check out when leaving and check in when returning. Employees may not extend meal breaks beyond their assigned period and will be subject to disciplinary action if tardy. Supervisors and Department Heads are responsible for balancing workloads and scheduling meal breaks. Whenever necessary, the duration and time of meal breaks may be changed at the discretion of the employer.

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