President George Washington
George Washington 1789-1797, the first President of the United States set the tone for the next fourteen Presidents and his strategic management objective of utilizing evasive tactics regarding the issue of slavery during that time period which had strong advocates against slavery in the United States even though that is seldom communicated which infers a bogus perception of social reality during that time period. I will show how most of the Presidents between him and Lincoln and along with the founding fathers strategic management plan was to maintain the status quo of slavery.
If one would read about that time period most authors or historians would sort of conclude that contemporaries should not be so harsh in judging these men because that was the law of that period which is not true. President Washington along with the founders of the American Constitution were mainly interested in protecting the most wealth producing form of lifestyle in the United States with emphasis with in the United States and emphasis external to the United States. I think that it even continues contemporary regarding the issue of race, and slaver today. It is also the objective of this assay to evaluate slavery and the ideas of the first sixteen Presidents of the United States of America. George Washington who inherited 10 slaves at the age of eleven was very ambiguous about slavery.
Both President John Adams, 1797-1801 and his wife in their person life hired only free White help and they did not own any slaves. He was the second President and even though he did not own any slaves he did not substantively expand the debate about slavery pro or con. He did not change any of the First President, George Washington ideas about slavery whose strategic management style was profoundly influenced by his witnessing the constitutional convention from the beginning to the end and observing the power of the pro slavery states in regard to insisting that their membership in the United States would be based upon the demand that all the States had to turn over to the slave states any run away slaves. The Constitutional Convention took place from May 14 to September 17, 1787 in Pennsylvania seven years after the ending of slavery in Pennsylvania and December 12, 1787 they became the second State to ratify the US Constitution. Close to practically all of the founding fathers of the convention were members of the upper strata of the United States and when they created the Electoral College they chose to elect the First President of the United States and henceforth elected by the power elite. All of this occurred with the movement of the Quakers that started the first abolition movement against slavery in 1688. I think that the Constitutional convention leaders were not apart of the public at large and US government from from its inception was co-opted by the power elite. They were the voters and it was a gradual process for the white male who did not own any property or land to be allowed to vote during those times.
President Thomas Jefferson, 1801-1809 in his younger ages believed that Negroes were inferior to Whites and in his older age he began to question the morality of slavery, but he owned slaves. I don’t think that they were confused about the racism and slavery. He advocated that they should be freed and sent back to Africa as the third President. The manner in which many of the power elites during this period of time wanted the slaves to return to Africa was in a manner of extending slavery out side of the United States. They began to have a fear of a race war between the Negroes and Whites. I think that President George Washington had those same fears and that is why he pretended to put plans in motion to free his slaves which was a way of appeasing them and keeping them from having any ideas about rebellion. Even Thomas Jefferson as a founding father changed the preamble to make certain that the slaves would have no rights.
President John Madison, 1809-1817 was opposed to slavery, but he never emancipated the slaves that he owned. He believed that they should be freed and sent back to Africa. I think again this is another example where the fourth President opposed slavery but he feared slavery within the borders of the United States and that is why he was advocating colonialism which formulated the goal of changing the location of slavery but maintaining the status quo. He was the fourth President but not that much different than the First President's "George Washington" strategic management plan. On June 1, 1812 President John Madison sent a list of grievances about the British which probably included trade restrictions by the British, impressments, and British support for Indian raids and the US Congress declared War with the President signing the document but the Federalist opposed the declaration.
President James Monroe 1809-1817 was observed to be an activist of paternalistic racism through out his life and became strongly opposed to slavery. He was the Governor of Virginia during the Gabriel rebellion and began advocating the reduction of slavery and colonization as a way of reducing slavery in the United States. The Fifth President was like George Washington in that he was attempting to maintain the Status Quo in which a permanent underclass of human would continue to provide labor to large businesses which were mainly white people but the power elite was calling the shots.
President John Quincy Adams, 1825-1829 found a way to get around Congress’s Gag rule about slavery which prevented any debates and discussions about slavery. This is the point where President George Washington as the first President influence began to diminish and the US Congress passed legislation which it called the Gag Rule which prevented in debate about slavery in the United States. The sixth President petition the disunion of the South through a debate with Georgia and the Congress during his term of office demanded his censure which he used to debate slavery as immoral and advocated its ending. This was the only President that challenged the status quo about slavery and he had no fears about not being reelected but he believed if he was censured that he would run for office again and be reelected. I think that this was evidence that many within the power elite were changing their positions to con in reference to slavery.
President Andrew Jackson’s, 1829-1837 views on slavery were neutral but he owned 44 slaves. I guess that spoke for it self. When one read about the seventh President it is inferred that he was neutral almost like George Washington, but I say how you can be neutral about slavery when the particular person own slaves. Most of the President that subsequently followed slavery could have chosen to take a position pro or con but that was influenced by how they perceived the power brokers to be in his election or reelection like George Washington perceived.
President Martin Van Buren, 1837-1841 was opposed to slavery but he adhered to the sanctity of the Constitution. He was opposed to the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia as the eighth President. He owned slaves like George Washington. As a general rule most of the Presidents tried to give lip service in the direction of either evading the subject of slavery or commencing with statements that they were opposed to slavery and being very hypocritical in regard to their private ownership of slaves.
President William Henry Harrison, 1841 regarded slavery a states rights issue another tactic of avoiding discussions about slavery like George Washington. He was considered moderate on the issue but he owned slaves. He though that the end of slavery could only be brought about gradually. This argument about States Rights was an attempt to provide protection to the pro slavery States because the Gag rule was disappearing as an instrument of control when he was elected as President. Other important issues continued alongside the country being a legal slave country during those times such as when the ninth president died in office and became the first President to do such. The debate ensued whether President Tyler had the constitutional authority to become President and The Supreme Court recommended that he be sworn in to Office and subsequent to swearing into Office the Congress passed a resolution confirming Tyler as the President of the United States.
President John Tyler, 1841-1845 questions the concept of slavery, but he owned slaves like George Washington. He never identified slavery as a great American contradiction. He knew just like George Washington principles tried to articulate, slavery was repugnant and reprehensible.
President James K Polk, 1845-1849 own slaves like ,George Washington, his entire life. He took certain positions regarding slavery and then acted contrary to his positions. He argued that slavery should not exist in any of the territories won in the Mexican war but refused to endorse the Wilmot Proviso which would have prohibited it in those territories. The Abolitionists argued that he was a tool of the slave powers.
President Zachary Taylor, 1849-1850 owned many slaves like George Washington. During his term of Office he was to decide whether California, New Mexico and Utah were to become slave states, but he died sixteen months after his election. He favored excluding slavery out of the South West.
President Millard Fillmore, 1850-1853 became President after Zachary Taylor’s death and he favored the compromise of 1850 which allowed Texas to surrender it claim of New Mexico in exchange for Texas Panhandle and retained the control over El Paso and it received debt relief. California became a Free State. New Mexico and Utah were to determine whether they would become slave states by popular sovereignty. He did now own any slaves unlike George Washington.
President Franklin Pierce, 1853-1857 never really presented his views on slavery. He did not own any slaves but he conceded to the rights of the South to own slaves. He supported the Kansas Nebraska Act which abolish the Missouri Compromise and allowed the territories to decide whether they would be opened to the question of slavery. He supported the Fugitive Slave Laws. He also favored the protection of Immigrant rights which caused the creation of new political parties.
President James Buchanan, 1857-1861 supported the Dred Scott decision by the Supreme Court which made law that slaves could not be granted citizenship by the Federal Government and that such citizenship only belong to the descendants of Europeans which created a legal doctrine of White Supremacy.
Abraham Lincoln, 1861-1865 in order to protect the status quo which the founding fathers and President George Washington strategically advocated in his first Inaugural Address March 4, 1860 where he offered the southern states a continuation of their life style as it related to slavery with focus on the run away slave being returned to the slave states. The compromise that the 16th President proposed was ignored with the attack by the confederacy on Fort Sumter in the harbor of South Carolina.
Presidents Lincoln other attempt at compromise was his ultimatum that he directed towards the Confederacy. When the Union had the of victory at Antietam he warned them that if the Confederacy would not surrender with in 100 days he would free the slaves in the areas of the rebellion, this was attempted show of power. After 100 days he issued the Emancipation Proclamation which was force and then issued the 13th amendment to the constitution for the US Congress to pass, which freed all slaves with in the Border States. This was proof that the power elites ideas about slavery changed with the passing of new law which completely went against the founding fathers and the First President. We get confused about the ending of slavery by thinking that racism ought to have ended and that was not the case. Lincoln did not want to end racism, like he said what he really wanted was to send the freed slaves back to Africa which is at the root of why the continued African on African war fare today, the African Power Elite making deals with the west about allowing slavery to have begun with the selling away of their community like selling real estate listings.
A very large percentage of the Presidents following the first President wanted to creat colonoies of slave out side of the United States similar to what exist in the Congo today. President Barack Obama who is the first African American President refuses to acknowledg slavery or condemn its existence in the Congo. Slavery would have not began with out the partnership of the Power Elite in Africa that worked with the West to make it possible and know slavery as originally planned esist in the Congo.